Case C-442/14, Bayer CropScience – Bee deaths? Buzz Off! The data requested is confidential

Citizens can request public entities to disclose information about ‘emissions into the environment’ under the EU’s ‘Access to Environmental Information’ Directive 2003/4. However, it is unclear what constitutes an emission into the environment. Equally unclear is what a public entity can do when a company claims that the data being requested from the entity is of a commercial and industrial nature and is thus covered by confidentiality. More

Case C-484/14, McFadden – a mere conduit?

If a person offers non-password-protected access to the Internet, and an unknown user passes a piece of copyright-infringing music over that Internet connection, then can the person offering the Internet access be absolved of legal liability on the basis that he is but a ‘mere conduit’ under the EU’s ‘E-Commerce’ Directive 2000/31/EC? More

Case C-448/14, Davitas – is a mineral-based detox a novel food?

Micro-porous minerals have many industrial and agricultural applications in the sifting or storing of liquids or gases, or indeed the exchange of ions. However, one such mineral has now been milled and ground into a foodstuff for humans. Does that make it a ‘novel food’ for the purposes of the EU’s ‘novel foods and novel food ingredients’ Regulation (EC) No 258/97? More

Case C-410/14, Falk Pharma – objecting to a contract supplying a public body reduced-price medicine

If a public entity wishes to buy a drug but at a price below that charged by the manufacturer, and the entity advertises this in the Supplement to the EU’s Official Journal, then is any subsequent contract made by the entity governed by the EU procurement rules applicable to ‘public contracts’? Or can the entity point out that its notice and award of a contract was ‘an authorisation procedure’ which complied fully with the EU’s legal principles of non-discrimination, equality of treatment and transparency? More

Case C-470/14, EGEDA – will a state-financed ‘private copy’ scheme deliver fair compensation?

According to Article 5(2)(b) of the EU’s InfoSoc Directive 2001/29/EC, copyright holders can be paid ‘fair compensation’ for the copies of protected works made by people for private use. In some Member States this type of scheme is financed by levies on electronic equipment. However, Spain has decided to pay right holders directly from the state budget. Spanish copyright ‘collecting societies’ do not like this, and claim that the scheme contravenes EU law. More