Case C-19/15, Verband Sozialer Wettbewerb – stopping a company making health claims to doctors

When a company sells Vitamin D3 and directs its advertising solely to doctors, then do any of the health claims made in its advertising fall outside of the EU’s ‘nutrition and health claims made on foods’ Regulation 1924/2006? More

Case C-72/15, Rosneft – challenging the EU’s sectoral sanctions against Russia

Russian activities in Ukraine have prompted the EU to adopt a package of sanctions aimed at various Russians and Russian companies. These sanctions have been enshrined in various pieces of EU legislation and implemented by the EU Member States in their national laws. These sanctions are affecting an oil company which is part-owned by a British oil company ‘BP’, and part-owned by a Russian oil company that belongs to the State of Russia. To begin with, the company is challenging the legality of the UK’s implementing legislation. However, the validity of the EU’s legislation is also at stake. Does the CJEU have jurisdiction to rule on the validity of a Decision adopted pursuant to the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy? And if so, then does the drafting of the EU’s legislation satisfy the requirements of legal certainty and foreseeability in circumstances where that legislation forms the basis of criminal penalties? More

Case C-12/15, Universal Music Holding – initial financial damage and jurisdiction

A Czech law firm made an error that cost a Dutch record company a couple of million euro. The question is whether the Dutch company can open up litigation in the Dutch courts and sue people who are in other Member States for the ‘initial financial damage’ to the company’s assets. The answer depends on the correct interpretation being given to Article 5(3) of the EU’s ‘jurisdiction’ Regulation 44/2001. More

Case C-582/14, Breyer – seeing the logs from the trees in privacy law

Behind a website, there may be a log. This can record which pages have been viewed, when, and by which dynamic IP address. The legal question is whether this is a processing of ‘personal data’ under the EU’s ‘data processing’ Directive 95/46/EC? More

Case C-476/14, Citroën Commerce – an advertised price is not an offer

A newspaper advert placed by a car company stipulated that the exclusive price of a car was €22 000. Beside the number was a footnote sign. The tiny footnoted text indicated that consumers also needed to stump up an extra €800 for mandatory delivery costs. However, the footnote failed to declare the total purchase price of the car. The legal issue is whether the advertised price constitutes an offer for the purposes of the EU’s Directive 98/6/EC on consumer protection in the indication of the prices of products offered to consumers? More