Case C-325/14, SBS Belgium – broadcasting via third parties

Some broadcasters no longer broadcast directly to the public. Instead, a broadcaster will supply their channels and programming output to ‘distributors’ such as the cable, telephone, and satellite TV companies. Subscribers to the services provided by these distributors can then watch the broadcaster’s output. This does however generate a question of copyright law. Namely, for the purposes of the EU’s InfoSoc Directive 2001/29/EC, who is making a ‘communication to the public’? Is it the broadcaster? Or is it the distributor? Or could it be both?

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Case C-458/12, Lorenzo Amatori – transfer of undertakings and Telecom Italia

For the purposes of the EU’s transfer of undertakings Directive 2001/23 is there a transfer of a part of an undertaking where, at the time of the transfer, the part which was transferred could hardly have been said to be functionally autonomous; and where, even 8 months after the transfer, that part was making no profit for the transferee and the losses were being borne by the transferor?

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